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What is Kinesiology?

Are you curious about the science behind human movement and physical activity? Then kinesiology might be just the field for you. In this article, we’ll dive into the fascinating science of kinesiology, briefly explain what kinesiology is, what kinesiologists do, and how this field can help you optimize your physical health and fitness.

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What is Kinesiology?

At its core, kinesiology is the study of human movement and physical activity. This field draws on knowledge and principles from a variety of disciplines, including anatomy, physiology, biomechanics, neuroscience, and psychology, to better understand how the body moves and responds to physical activity.

Kinesiology is a broad field with many different sub-disciplines. Some kinesiologists study the biomechanics of movement, focusing on how different parts of the body work together to create movement. Others study the physiological responses to exercise, exploring how the body adapts to different types of physical activity. 

Still others focus on the psychology of physical activity, investigating how attitudes and beliefs about exercise can influence behavior.

What Is Kinesiology? Courtesy of Anatomy Plus

What Do Kinesiologists Do?

Kinesiologists work in a variety of settings, including research labs, hospitals, rehabilitation clinics, and fitness centers. Depending on their area of expertise, they may work with athletes, patients recovering from injuries, or individuals seeking to improve their physical fitness.

Some of the specific tasks that kinesiologists might perform include:

  • Conducting assessments of an individual’s movement patterns, muscle strength, and cardiovascular fitness
  • Developing exercise programs tailored to an individual’s goals and needs
  • Providing rehabilitation services to individuals recovering from injuries or illnesses
  • Conducting research on topics related to human movement and physical activity

Overall, kinesiologists work to help individuals optimize their physical health and well-being by understanding the science of movement and using that knowledge to inform their practice.

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Benefits of Kinesiology

There are many potential benefits to studying kinesiology and working with a kinesiologist. Some of these benefits include:

  • Improved physical performance: By understanding the biomechanics and physiology of movement, kinesiologists can help athletes and fitness enthusiasts optimize their training and improve their performance.
  • Injury prevention: Kinesiologists can help identify movement patterns or muscle imbalances that could increase the risk of injury, and develop exercise programs to address these issues before they become problematic.
  • Rehabilitation: Kinesiologists can work with individuals recovering from injuries or illnesses to help them regain strength, mobility, and function.
  • Improved overall health: Regular physical activity has been shown to have numerous health benefits, including reduced risk of chronic diseases such as diabetes and heart disease. Kinesiologists can help individuals develop exercise programs that are tailored to their individual needs and goals.

More Research Studies About Kinesiology

Some well-regarded studies in the field of kinesiology that you can search for:

  1. “Effects of Resistance Training on Performance in Young Competitive Swimmers” by Westcott, W.L., Winett, R.A., Anderson, E.S., Wojcik, J.R., Loud, R.L., & Cleggett, E. (2011). This study examined the effects of resistance training on performance in young competitive swimmers. The results showed that resistance training improved swimming performance and increased muscular strength. Read More
  2. “Biomechanical and physiological comparison of rowing on a water ergometer and an air-braked ergometer” by Borges, T.O., Reis, J.F., & Lima, L.C.R. (2020). This study compared the biomechanical and physiological responses to rowing on a water ergometer and an air-braked ergometer. The results showed that rowing on a water ergometer produced greater muscular activation and higher heart rates than rowing on an air-braked ergometer.
  3. “The Effects of Exercise on Cognitive Function in Older Adults” by Erickson, K.I., Hillman, C.H., & Kramer, A.F. (2015). This study examined the effects of exercise on cognitive function in older adults. The results showed that exercise improved cognitive function and brain health in older adults.
  4. “Effect of stretching on hamstring muscle compliance” by Magnusson, S.P., Simonsen, E.B., Aagaard, P., Boesen, J., Johannsen, F., Kjaer, M. (1995). This study examined the effect of stretching on hamstring muscle compliance. The results showed that stretching increased hamstring muscle compliance, which could lead to improvements in athletic performance and reduced risk of injury.
  5. “Effect of High-Intensity Interval Training on Total, Abdominal and Visceral Fat Mass: A Meta-Analysis” by Maillard, F., Rousset, S., Pereira, B., Traore, A., & Boirie, Y. (2018). This study conducted a meta-analysis of the effects of high-intensity interval training on fat mass. The results showed that high-intensity interval training is an effective strategy for reducing total, abdominal and visceral fat mass. Read more:

These studies are just a small sample of the many research studies that have been conducted in the field of kinesiology. When conducting your research, it’s important to consider the methodology, sample size, and results of each study to ensure that it is relevant and reliable.


Kinesiology is a fascinating field that has the potential to help individuals of all ages and abilities optimize their physical health and well-being. Whether you are an athlete looking to improve your performance, or someone seeking to improve your overall health and fitness, working with a kinesiologist could be a great way to unlock the science of movement and achieve your goals.

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